How To Trade Bull Put Spreads And Bull Call Spreads Explained

If Tesla’s stock starts surging and hits $1 200, for example, at expiry, you will be able to keep hold of the entire amount of the net credit you received initially ($1 000). Or in other words, the stock’s price should be trading above the upper strike price. However, as long as it is above that level, it doesn’t matter how much it grows with. Some options traders are happier with the relatively easy to understand debit spread; others love to see the value of the their credit spreads increase over time. A bull vertical spread requires the simultaneous purchase and sale of options with different strike prices, but of the same class and expiration date. Select the call option you would like to purchase to construct one leg of the transaction.

The further these strikes are the larger the spread, the larger the spread the larger is the possible reward. The bull put spread is a two leg spread strategy traditionally involving ITM and OTM Put options. However you can create the spread using other strikes as well.

  • Since the sold puts will have the higher price, the spread will be established at a credit to your brokerage account.
  • A put is a contract that gives the owner the right to sell shares of a stock at a set price—known as the strike price.
  • Risk is limited to the difference in strikes values minus the credit.
  • After a trader has performed economic analysis, fundamental analysis and technical analysis, he should be of the view that a particular security is set to experience moderate bullishness.
  • Investors use the out-of-the-money put options for this strategy.

One can enter a more aggressive bull spread position by widening the difference between the strike price of the two call options. However, this will also mean that the stock price must move upwards by a greater degree for the trader to realise the maximum profit. Investors often wrongly assume that because you take in premium and post margin with a credit spread, your position is always comparable to option writing.

In this, traders sell the near-term call and use out-of-the-money call options to execute this spread. This strategy is of use when the investors are having a bearish view about the underlying security price in the long run. Hence, to gain in this scenario, the investor sells the near-term puts and continues to enjoy the long-term puts at a lesser price. Investors use the out-of-the-money put options for this strategy. Under these strategies, an investor buys and sells an equal number of calls or puts option to make a profit. Both the strategies share the same characteristics, such as they are less risky.

Let’s work through the position’s maximum loss, maximum gain, and breakeven point. There are plenty of ways to profit on a stock’s movement, beyond investing in the actual stock itself. Options provide a nearly endless array of strategies, due to the countless ways you can combine buying and selling call option and put option at different strike prices and expirations. The bull call spread is a debit spread as the difference between the sale and purchase of the two options results in a net debit.

The intrinsic value of both 7700 PE and 7900 PE would be 0, hence both the potions would expire worthless. Here are some key differences between a call spread and a put spread. System response and access times may vary due to market conditions, system performance, and other factors. Now let’s compare these two strategies to get a better sense of their respective benefits and drawbacks. Use the Technical Analysis Tool to look for bullish indicators.

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The additional debit spread will cost money and extend the break-even points. Bull call debit spreads can be rolled out to a later expiration date if the underlying stock price has not moved enough. To roll the position, sell the existing bull call spread and purchase a new spread at a later expiration date. This requires paying another debit and will increase the risk, but will extend the duration of the trade. If the stock price is below the long call option at expiration, both options will expire worthless, and the full loss of the original debit paid will be realized.

Use the Profit + Loss Calculator to establish break-even points, evaluate how your strategy might change as expiration approaches, and analyze the Option Greeks. Any possible differences come from the irrational people in the market or juicing taxes. User acknowledges review of the User Agreementand Privacy Policygoverning this site. Continued use constitutes acceptance of the terms and conditions stated therein. The Options Report is a weekly briefing delivered to Pro members of Tackle Trading.

Let’s assume you are interested in a call option for XYZ stock. You buy it on June 15 when it trades at $190 and at a strike price of $200. Introduction Options can be an extremely useful tool for short-term traders as well as long-term investors. Options can provide investors with a vehicle to bet on market direction or volatility, … Therefore as the stock rises, and volatility falls, the spread falls in value .

The short put might rise from $3.50 to $4.80, while the long put could rise from $2.60 to $3.20. You would place an order to buy to close the short put for $480, and sell to close the long put for $320. If a trader has a neutral near-term outlook, then he can use at-the-money call options to implement this spread. The main aim behind deploying this strategy is to benefit from the time-lapse of the options premium. Also, only bearish investors can go for buying the put options. On the other hand, investors can use the put spreads in the bull, bear, or neutral market.

The option premium of the shorted call is less than the option premium of the long call. Excel Shortcuts PC Mac List of Excel Shortcuts Excel shortcuts – It may seem slower at first if you’re used to the mouse, but it’s worth the investment to take the time and… It is provided to you on the condition that it will not be used to form the primary basis for any investment decision. Before you initiate a bear put spread, it’s important to have an idea of your criteria.

Contango is a market condition whereby deferred prices are higher than nearby prices. Regardless of how you proceed I hope this article has helped provide some insight into how these two strategies match-up. Look for additional bullish and bearish strategy comparisons in upcoming Option Strategy Spotlight articles.

bull call spread vs bull put spread

Similarly, in a put spread, an investor buys a put and sells another put of the same expiry, but at a lower strike price level. Equities, equities options, and commodity futures products and services are offered by Lightspeed Financial Services Group LLC . Bull put spreads and the bear call spreads are credit spreads, in that they collect premiums .

The larger the spread width between the long call and the short short, the more premium will be paid, and the maximum potential profit will be higher. Bull call spreads are debit spreads that consist of buying a call option and selling a call option at a higher price. The strategy looks to take advantage of a price increase from the underlying asset before expiration. Increased implied volatility may also benefit the bull call debit spread. A trader hopes to make a profit if the underlying asset’s price falls.

Tips For Answering Series 7 Options Questions

If the underlying stock remains below $35 before expiration, both legs of the spread will drop in value due to time decay, which is not what you’d hoped to see. For example, the long call may fall from $3.40 to $1.55, while the short call may drop from $1.40 to $1.05. You are moderately bullish and believe the stock will rise to $65 over the next 30 days. In April, you believe that XYZ stock, which is currently at $33 per share, will rise moderately over the next month or two to $35 per share or higher. Earnings Date- The date on which a company is expected to release their next earnings report. The prices are more volatile, which tends to inflate the prices of the near-the-money strikes.

However, the additional debit spread will cost money and extend the break-even point. Bull call debit spreads benefit from an increase in the value of implied volatility. Higher implied volatility results in higher options bull spread calculator premium prices. Ideally, when a bull call debit spread is initiated, implied volatility is lower than it is at exit or expiration. Still, it is good to know how volatility will affect the pricing of the options contracts.

In the example above, Jorge is able to realize a maximum profit of $20 immediately into executing a bull put spread. In addition, although the maximum gains are capped, the investor is protected from downside risk as well. Note Forex platform that when the bull put spread position is entered, the investor starts with the maximum gain and faces potential losses as the strategy approaches maturity. Following, we will go through a comprehensive example outlining this.

Writing puts is comparatively less risky, but an aggressive trader who has written puts on numerous stocks would be stuck with a large number of pricey stocks in a sudden market crash. Credit spreads mitigate this risk, although the cost of this risk mitigation is a lower amount of option premium. When the stock market is falling, some speculators may want to profit from the drop. But for some situations, simply shorting a stock or buying a put may seem too risky. In that case, the options strategy called the “bear put spread” may fit the bill. To use this strategy, you buy one put option while simultaneously selling another, which can potentially give you profit, but with reduced risk and less capital.

A vertical spread involves the simultaneous buying and selling of options of the same type and expiry, but at different strike prices. A bull call spread is created when an in the money or at the money call option is purchased and an out of the money with a higher strike call is shorted. Both options have the same expiry date and are derived from the same underlying security. Doing so has the effect of limiting the premium paid but it also limits profit.

In the real world a difference is that OTM options in general are cheaper, have narrower spreads and you dont have to deal with early exercise. This means if you’re buying a spread where the spot is lower than the strikes its better to buy calls, if the spot is higher than the strikes its better to do puts and inbetween either is similar. The investor cannot know for sure until the following Monday whether or not the short call was assigned.

This increases the spread’s profitability (but also the risk – if the stock were to fall, volatility would rise and the options rise in value). Bull Put SpreadAs with the bull call spread the trader believes the stock will rise hence he/she will get to keep the premium earned. Bull Call Spread P&LA trader would put this spread on if they believed that the stock would rise, but was unwilling to risk losing all their call premium investment should the trade go against them. Thus they are willing to give up some of the upside to protect the trade. A bull vertical spread profits when the underlying price rises; a bear vertical spread profits when it falls. Trading costs of options, including bid/ask spreads and commissions, can have a significant effect on the profitability of an options trade.

bull call spread vs bull put spread

To avoid complications, you may want to close both legs of a losing spread before the expiration date, especially if you no longer believe the stock will perform as anticipated. If you wait until expiration, you could lose the entire $220 investment. To avoid complications, close both legs of a losing spread before expiration, especially when you no longer believe the stock will perform as anticipated. If you wait until expiration, you could lose the entire $200 investment. Options traders should always be aware of early assignment, as well.


As a trade-off for the hedge it offers, this written call limits the potential maximum profit for the options trading strategy. While the long call in a bull call spread has no risk of early assignment, the short call does have such risk. Early assignment of stock options is generally related to dividends, and short calls that are assigned early are generally assigned on the day before the ex-dividend date.

His goal is to hold on to as much of it as possible once the option expires. Or, in other words, to conserve a bigger part of his initial profit. Muiruri was born and raised in Nairobi, Kenya before her family moved to the US and settled in Maryland. Prior to becoming an Entrepreneur, Investor, and Trader, Emily worked in Property Management in the Self-Storage Industry and as a Real Estate agent and invested in Real Estate. Like many new traders, Emily started off with directional trading strategies such as long calls, long puts, and very little in cash flow strategies. Over time that has changed and now her core trading strategies are cash flow-based such as Covered Calls, Naked Puts and Iron Condors.

bull call spread vs bull put spread

A key part of the strategy is to initiate the position at even money, so the cost of the call spread should be offset by the proceeds from the put spread. When traders buy and sell options contracts simultaneously, they basically offset the writing costs as they both pay and receive a premium. However, for this to work effectively, it is essential that both options are comparable . When applying the bull put spread, the trader collects money upfront.

It is also worth bearing in mind the implied volatility effect. Although you are both buying and selling and it may be neutralized to some degree, it still concerns you. In the case that the stock price rises above strike price B, your ideal scenario is for the implied volatility to decrease. On the other hand, once the stock’s price gets close to or below point A, your best-case scenario is for the implied volatility to increase. The bull put spread, also known as “credit put spread”, on the other hand, requires the trader to write a put option with a higher strike price than the one of the long call options.

Time Decay Impact On A Bull Call Debit Spread

Because you are selling one put option and buying another, you are effectively hedging your position. The stock price of XYZ begins to rise and closes at $46 on expiration date. Both options expire in-the-money with the JUL 40 call having an intrinsic value of $600 and the JUL 45 call having an intrinsic value of $100. Since the trader had a debit of $200 when he bought the spread, his net profit is $300. In Figure 1, we compare two spreads on Moody’s Corp., a bull call spread and a bull put spread.

bull call spread vs bull put spread

Unlike a conventional bull call spread, an aggressive bull call spread widens the difference between the strike price of the shorted call contract and the long call contract. The profit potential is greater in an aggressive bull call spread strategy than a conventional bull call spread strategy. However, it would be harder to break even in an aggressive bull call spread strategy because the shorted call is further out of the money, hence, premium collected is less.

Second, if both options are out of the money, you can consider letting both legs expire worthless, achieving maximum profit. Depending on your specific risk and return objectives, you may want to consider closing both legs of the spread before expiration, once your profit goals are reached. If the price of XYZ had declined to $38 instead, both options expire worthless. The trader will lose his entire investment of $200, which is also his maximum possible loss. The bull call spread option trading strategy is employed when the options trader thinks that the price of the underlying asset will go up moderately in the near term. Traders use this strategy if they are bullish on the underlying security price.

Options Theory: Long Calls

While both the bull call spread and the bull put spread have a bullish outlook, the bull call spread is a debit spread. The options need enough time to expiration to capitalise on a moderate and favorable price move. Some option traders use options which have at Futures exchange least 90 days to expiration to construct their bull call spreads. Jorge is looking to utilize a bull put spread on ABC Company. He purchases an in-the-money put option for a premium of $10. The strike price for this option is $140 and expires in January 2020.

Double Bull Spread

The worst that can happen is for the stock to be below the lower strike price at expiration. In that case, both call options expire worthless, and the loss incurred is simply the initial outlay for the position . This strategy consists of buying one call option and selling another at a higher strike price to help pay the cost. The spread generally profits if the stock price moves higher, just as a regular long call strategy would, up to the point where the short call caps further gains. Volatility is a measure of how much a stock price fluctuates in percentage terms, and volatility is a factor in option prices. As volatility rises, option prices tend to rise if other factors such as stock price and time to expiration remain constant.

In a worst-case scenario, the trader will reduce the cost of trading two options by receiving a premium for selling one option. A put spread is another options trading strategy that involves buying one put option at a certain strike price and selling another put option with a different strike price. A vertical call spread can be a bullish or bearish strategy, depending on how the strike prices are selected for the long and short positions. It is also known as a “long call spread” and as a “debit call spread.” The term “bull” refers to the fact that the strategy profits with bullish, or rising, stock prices. The term “long” refers to the fact that this strategy is “long the market,” which is another way of saying that it profits from rising prices. Finally, the term “debit” refers to the fact that the strategy is created for a net cost, or net debit.

Whereas, the bull call spread has a higher reward but is lower actual probability of succeeding. A long call option strategy is the purchase of a call option in the expectation of the underlying stock rising. Again a long call has negative theta – it falls in value over time – but this is mitigated by the sale of the call to make a bull call spread. The net option premium is the total amount an investor or trader will pay for selling one option and purchasing another. A short leg is any contract in an options spread in which an individual holds a short position. Long leg is part of a spread or combination strategy that involves taking two positions simultaneously to generate a profit.

How To Trade Options In Bear Market

In no event shall Tackle Trading or the author or moderators be liable for any direct, special, consequential or incidental damages arising out of or related to the Materials. If this limitation on damages is not enforceable in some states, the total amount of Tackle Trading’s liability to the user or others shall not exceed the amount paid by the user for such Materials. For example, with a bull call spread, if the price of a stock is likely to stay around $55 until the options expire, then you may buy a call with a strike near 50 and sell a call at the 55 strike. If the stock is unlikely to move much, then selling a 60-strike call makes a bit less sense because the premium received will be lower. Buying a call with a 52 or 53 strike would be cheaper than buying the 50-strike call, but there is less greater downside protection with the lower strike. Sell a call option with a strike price that is higher than the one you purchased.

Now that you have a basic idea of how this strategy works, let’s look at more specific examples of this strategy. Although it’s unlikely, there’s always a chance you’ll be assigned early on the short call. Now that you have a basic idea of how this strategy works, let’s look at more specific examples. Now that you have a basic idea of how this strategy works, let’s look at a few specific examples. To better understand the difference between the call spread vs put spread, it is important that we know the types of call spread and put spread. Probability- the probability the last price will be at or beyond the break even point at expiration.

The maximum profit potential is the spread width minus the premium paid. To break even on the position, the stock price must be above the long call option by at least the cost to enter the position. Abear put spreadis purchasing a put option, and simultaneously selling another put option with the same expiration date but a lower strike price.

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Because options use a multiplier of 100, your maximum gain in this example is $300. A bull call spread is established by buying call options on a stock at one strike price and selling the same number of options at a higher strike price. Adjustments may be made based on what the stock price actually does. How this strategy worksBefore you construct a bull call spread, it’s essential to understand how it works.

In a bear put spread, a trader buys one put option at a higher strike price and sells another put option with a lower strike price. In a bullish call spread, a trader will purchase a call option at a lower strike price and sell another call option at a higher strike price. It means a trader will buy low and sell high in a bullish call spread. Online trading has inherent risk due to system response and access times that may vary due to market conditions, system performance, and other factors. An investor should understand these and additional risks before trading.

The trader can close the position by buying to close the short call and selling to close the long call at the lower strike price. Do note that if the long call is sold, the short call should also be closed as a short call position without a corresponding long call is a naked one. The bull put spread is used if you are moderately bullish on a stock or index, and your preference is to limit risk exposure. The primary goal is to make a short-term profit while limiting risk. You want the underlying asset (stock, index, etc.) toriseabove both put options so they areout of the money, and the contracts expire worthless.

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Here, you are required to post the entire premium taken in plus a percentage of the underlying value (20%, less the amount out-of-the-money, or 10%, whichever is greater). There is nothing like ideal RRR, it really depends on the trader’s risk appetite. For me personally I look for 1.2 RRR for Bull Call Spread and for Bull Put spread I guess around 1.0 should be ok. Thanks for your articles on Bull Call and Put spread strategy. What should be the ideal Risk to Reward ratio in case if I look for near future expiry . You want the stock to be at or above strike B at expiration, but not so far that you’re disappointed you didn’t simply buy a call on the underlying stock.

This means he makes an initial investment that he hopes will turn out profitable once the instruments expire. The strategy involves purchasing an in-the-money option with a lower strike price and selling an out-of-the-money option with a higher strike price, both with identical expiration dates. The premium the trader pays is for the purchase of the put option.

This can be seen from the payoff graph of a bull call spread above for your reference. When the underlying security has the potential to go up in the near term, a trader can execute a bull call spread. As with any trading strategy it is extremely important to have a forecast. In reality, it is unlikely you will always achieve the maximum reward.

For simplicity, let’s assume that at the time one April 120 put OTM was sold for 2.00 and one April 115 put OTM was bought for 1.00 resulting in a net credit of $1 (2 – 1). He would subtract $1 from $5 to end up with a maximum loss of $4 ($400 in real terms) per contract. This would be realized if the stock closed at $115 or lower at expiration. The trader’s maximum profit on a bull call spread is limited; he can make as much as the difference between the strike prices less the net debit paid.

Author: Chris Isidore

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